Digital orthophotos, also known as digital orthophotographs, are digital images that are geometrically corrected to provide a true representation of the Earth's surface without any distortions caused by terrain relief, camera tilt or other factors.
These images are created by combining aerial photographs or satellite images with precise terrain elevation data to produce an accurate, high-resolution map of the ground surface. The resulting image is then corrected to remove distortions and align with the earth's surface features, resulting in a true-to-scale image that can be used for a variety of applications.
Digital orthophotos are used extensively in geographic information systems (GIS), cartography, urban planning, engineering, and other fields that require accurate and detailed representations of the earth's surface. They are particularly useful for applications such as land use mapping, resource management, environmental monitoring, and disaster response planning.